Sunday, June 28, 2020

SAT and ACT Test Dates and Registration Deadlines

Here’s When You Can Take the SAT and ACT Taking the SAT or ACT is a big element of the college admissions journey for many students, and it’s important for students and parents to know when the exams are offered, when to register, and how much it costs. Here are SAT and ACT test dates for 2016-17 and registration deadlines. SAT Test Dates Deadlines [2016-2017] Test Date SAT Registration Deadline $45/$57 (w/ essay) Late Registration Deadline +$28 October 1, 2016 September 1, 2016 September 20, 2016 November 5, 2016 October 7, 2016 October 25, 2016 December 3, 2016 November 3, 2016 November 22, 2016 January 21, 2017 December 21, 2016 January 10, 2017 March 11, 2017 February 10, 2017 February 28, 2017 May 6, 2017 April 7, 2017 April 25, 2017 June 3, 2017 May 9, 2017 May 24, 2017 ACT Test Dates Deadlines [2016-2017] Test Date ACT Registration Deadline $42.50/$58.50 (w/ writing) Late Registration Deadline +$27.50 September 10, 2016 August 5, 2016 August 19, 2016 October 22, 2016 September 16, 2016 September 30, 2016 December 10, 2016 November 4, 2016 November 18, 2016 February 11, 2017* January 13, 2017 January 20, 2017 April 8, 2017 March 3, 2017 March 17, 2017 June 10, 2017 May 5, 2017 May 19, 2017 *No New York test centers scheduled. Should You Take the SAT or the ACT? One of the first decisions students need to make when preparing for college is whether to take the SAT or the ACT. At, we advise students to choose the test that’s best suited for their abilities, and prepare for that one, rather than preparing for both. So how do you know which test is best for you? First, learn the differences, and similarities, between the two, then take a diagnostic of each. SAT ACT Sections Math, Reading, Writing, Optional Essay (Science passages embedded in all sections.) English, Math, Reading, Science, Optional Essay Time 3 hours, +50 minutes with essay 2 hours 55 min, +30 minutes with essay Answering 4 answer options, no point deduction 4 answer options, no point deduction Scoring Out of 1600 - 800 math, 800 reading/writing Out of 36 - 36 per section that is then averaged for composite; Essay scored separately on a 2-12 scale Math Section Two sections: One calculator allowed, one no calculator; 80 minutes; Less geometry, more algebra, pre-calculus trigonometry added One 60-question, 60-minute section. Tests pre-algebra through trigonometry. Calculator allowed entire time. Reading Section 5 passages, 2 with charts/diagrams, 1 historic document 4 long passages with questions that require students to recall what they read. Questions in random order. Science Section No science section, however science-related passages will be peppered throughout the exam. Science section covers reasoning, charts and graphs, and hypothesis. Writing 4 passages and 44 multiple-choice questions; 35 minutes Just the essay. Essay 1 prompt and one full passage; 50 minutes; essay is optional One topic and three perspectives; students evaluate and provide their own perspective with evidence; 40 minutes; essay is optional Here are some more test prep tips for students preparing for the ACT or SAT. Learn more about the SAT and ACT and how college entrance exam scores affect admission chances by downloading our free College Admissions Guide.

Monday, May 25, 2020

Russian Days of the Week Usage and Examples

The week in Russian follows the same order as the English week, beginning with Monday. Russian days of the week are never capitalized and, just like all other Russian nouns, each has either feminine, masculine, or neutral gender. They also decline based on the case they are in. Russian Word Translation Pronunciation Example Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã ½Ã µÃ ´Ã µÃ »Ã'Å'Ð ½Ã ¸Ã º masculine Monday puhnyDYEL'nik Ðâ€"Ð °Ã ²Ã'‚Ã'€Ð ° Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã ½Ã µÃ ´Ã µÃ »Ã'Å'Ð ½Ã ¸Ã º - Tomorrow is Monday. Ð ²Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã'€Ð ½Ã ¸Ã ºmasculine Tuesday FTORnik ÐÅ"Ã'‹ Ð ¿Ã'€Ð ¸Ã µÃ ´Ã µÃ ¼ Ð ²Ã ¾ Ð ²Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã'€Ð ½Ã ¸Ã º - We will arrive on Tuesday. Ã' Ã'€Ð µÃ ´Ã °feminine Wednesday sryDAH Ð ¡Ã'€Ð µÃ ´Ã ° - Ã' Ã µÃ'€Ð µÃ ´Ã ¸Ã ½Ã ° Ð ½Ã µÃ ´Ã µÃ »Ã ¸ - Wednesday is the middle of the week. Ã'‡Ð µÃ'‚Ð ²Ã µÃ'€Ð ³masculine Thursday chitVYERK/chtVYERK Ð £ Ð ²Ã'€Ð °Ã'‡Ð ° Ð ¿Ã'€Ð ¸Ã µÃ ¼ Ð ¿Ã ¾ Ã'‡Ð µÃ'‚Ð ²Ã µÃ'€Ð ³Ã °Ã ¼ - The doctor sees patients on Thursdays. Ð ¿Ã' Ã'‚Ð ½Ã ¸Ã'†Ð °feminine Friday PYATnitsuh Ð ¯ Ð ¸Ã'… Ð ²Ã ¸Ã ´Ã µÃ »Ã ° Ð ² Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã ·Ã °Ã ¿Ã'€Ð ¾Ã'ˆÐ »Ã'Æ'Ã'Ž Ð ¿Ã' Ã'‚Ð ½Ã ¸Ã'†Ã'Æ' - I saw them on Friday before last. Ã' Ã'Æ'Ð ±Ã ±Ã ¾Ã'‚Ð °feminine Saturday suBOHtuh Ð Ã °Ã ·Ã ½Ã °Ã'‡Ð µÃ ½Ã ¾ Ð ½Ã ° Ã' Ã'Æ'Ð ±Ã ±Ã ¾Ã'‚Ã'Æ' - It is arranged for Saturday. Ð ²Ã ¾Ã' Ã ºÃ'€Ð µÃ' Ã µÃ ½Ã'Å'Ð µneuter Sunday vuhskrySYEN'ye Ð’ Ð ²Ã ¾Ã' Ã ºÃ'€Ð µÃ' Ã µÃ ½Ã'Å'Ð µ Ã'  Ð ²Ã'‹Ã' Ã ¿Ã »Ã'ŽÃ' Ã'Å' - I'll catch up on my sleep on Sunday. Using Prepositions With Russian Days of the Week Ð ²/Ð ²o and Ð ½Ã ° - on (Accusative Case) The preposition Ð ²/Ð ²o means on and is used to indicate that something happens on a certain day. The preposition Ð ½Ã ° also means on but is used in situations where an appointment or an event is planned for a particular day. Ð’/Ð ½Ã ° Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã ½Ã µÃ ´Ã µÃ »Ã'Å'Ð ½Ã ¸Ã º - on/for MondayÐ’Ð ¾/Ð ½Ã ° Ð ²Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã'€Ð ½Ã ¸Ã º - on/for TuesdayÐ’/Ð ½Ã ° Ã' Ã'€Ð µÃ ´Ã'Æ' - on/for WednesdayÐ’/Ð ½Ã ° Ã'‡Ð µÃ'‚Ð ²Ã µÃ'€Ð ³ - on/for ThursdayÐ’/Ð ½Ã ° Ð ¿Ã' Ã'‚Ð ½Ã ¸Ã'†Ã'Æ' - on/for FridayÐ’/Ð ½Ã ° Ã' Ã'Æ'Ð ±Ã ±Ã ¾Ã'‚Ã'Æ' - on/for SaturdayÐ’/Ð ½Ã ° Ð ²Ã ¾Ã' Ã ºÃ'€Ð µÃ' Ã µÃ ½Ã'Å'Ð µ - on/for Sunday Examples: Ð’Ã' Ã'‚Ã'€Ð µÃ'‡Ð ° Ã' Ã ¾Ã' Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã ¸Ã'‚Ã' Ã'  Ð ² Ã' Ã'€Ð µÃ ´Ã'Æ'.Pronunciation: VSTREcha sastaEETsa f suBBOtu.Translation: The meeting will take place on Wednesday. Ð’Ã' Ã'‚Ã'€Ð µÃ'‡Ð ° Ð ½Ã °Ã ·Ã ½Ã °Ã'‡Ð µÃ ½Ã ° Ð ½Ã ° Ã' Ã'€Ð µÃ ´Ã'Æ'.Pronunciation: VSTREcha nazNAchyna na SRYEdu.Translation: The meeting is arranged for Wednesday. Ã' /Ã' Ã ¾ - From, Since (Genitive Case) and Ð ´Ã ¾ - Until (Genitive Case) Ð ¡/Ð ´Ã ¾ Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã ½Ã µÃ ´Ã µÃ »Ã'Å'Ð ½Ã ¸Ã ºÃ ° - from / since / until MondayÐ ¡/Ð ´Ã ¾ Ð ²Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã'€Ð ½Ã ¸Ã ºÃ ° - from/since/until TuesdayÐ ¡/Ð ´Ã ¾ Ã' Ã'€Ð µÃ ´Ã'‹ - from/since/until WednesdayÐ ¡/Ð ´Ã ¾ Ã'‡Ð µÃ'‚Ð ²Ã µÃ'€Ð ³Ã ° - from/since/until ThursdayÐ ¡/Ð ´Ã ¾ Ð ¿Ã' Ã'‚Ð ½Ã ¸Ã'†Ã'‹ - from/since/until FridayÐ ¡/Ð ´Ã ¾ Ã' Ã'Æ'Ð ±Ã ±Ã ¾Ã'‚Ã'‹ - from/since/until SaturdayÐ ¡/Ð ´Ã ¾ Ð ²Ã ¾Ã' Ã ºÃ'€Ð µÃ' Ã µÃ ½Ã'Å'Ã'  - from/since/until Sunday Example: ДÐ ¾ Ð ²Ã ¾Ã' Ã ºÃ'€Ð µÃ' Ã µÃ ½Ã'Å'Ã'  Ð ¿Ã' Ã'‚Ã'Å' Ð ´Ã ½Ã µÃ ¹.Pronunciation: da vaskrySYENya PYAT DNYEY.Translation: It is five days until Sunday. Ð ¿Ã ¾ - Until, Including (Accusative Case) ПÐ ¾ Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã ½Ã µÃ ´Ã µÃ »Ã'Å'Ð ½Ã ¸Ã º - until/including/to MondayПÐ ¾ Ð ²Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã'€Ð ½Ã ¸Ã º - until/including TuesdayПÐ ¾ Ã' Ã'€Ð µÃ ´Ã'Æ' - until/including WednesdayПÐ ¾ Ã'‡Ð µÃ'‚Ð ²Ã µÃ'€Ð ³ - until/including ThursdayПÐ ¾ Ð ¿Ã' Ã'‚Ð ½Ã ¸Ã'†Ã'Æ' - until/including FridayПÐ ¾ Ã' Ã'Æ'Ð ±Ã ±Ã ¾Ã'‚Ã'Æ' - until/including SaturdayПÐ ¾ Ð ²Ã ¾Ã' Ã ºÃ'€Ð µÃ' Ã µÃ ½Ã'Å'Ð µ - until/including Sunday Example: Ð ¡ Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã ½Ã µÃ ´Ã µÃ »Ã'Å'Ð ½Ã ¸Ã ºÃ ° Ð ¿Ã ¾ Ð ¿Ã' Ã'‚Ð ½Ã ¸Ã'†Ã'Æ' Ã'  Ã'…Ð ¾Ã ¶Ã'Æ' Ð ½Ã ° Ã'€Ð °Ã ±Ã ¾Ã'‚Ã'Æ'.Pronunciation: s panyDYELnika pa PYATnicu ya haZHOO na raBOtuTranslation: From Monday to Friday I go to work. Ð ¿Ã ¾ - on (Plural, Dative Case) ПÐ ¾ Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã ½Ã µÃ ´Ã µÃ »Ã'Å'Ð ½Ã ¸Ã ºÃ °Ã ¼ - on MondaysПÐ ¾ Ð ²Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã'€Ð ½Ã ¸Ã ºÃ °Ã ¼ - on TuesdaysПÐ ¾ Ã' Ã'€Ð µÃ ´Ã °Ã ¼ - on WednesdaysПÐ ¾ Ã'‡Ð µÃ'‚Ð ²Ã µÃ'€Ð ³Ã °Ã ¼ - on ThursdaysПÐ ¾ Ð ¿Ã' Ã'‚Ð ½Ã ¸Ã'†Ð °Ã ¼ - on FridaysПÐ ¾ Ã' Ã'Æ'Ð ±Ã ±Ã ¾Ã'‚Ð °Ã ¼ - on SaturdaysПÐ ¾ Ð ²Ã ¾Ã' Ã ºÃ'€Ð µÃ' Ã µÃ ½Ã'Å'Ã' Ã ¼ - on Sundays Example: ПÐ ¾ Ã' Ã'Æ'Ð ±Ã ±Ã ¾Ã'‚Ð °Ã ¼ Ð ¾Ã ½Ã ¸ Ð »Ã'ŽÐ ±Ã ¸Ã »Ã ¸ Ð ³Ã'Æ'Ð »Ã' Ã'‚Ã'Å' Ð ¿Ã ¾ Ð ³Ã ¾Ã'€Ð ¾Ã ´Ã'Æ'.Pronunciation: pa suBBOtam aNEE lyuBEEli gooLYAT pa GOradu.Translation: On Saturdays, they liked to go walking around the city. Abbreviations Russian days of the week are often shortened in writing (such as calendars or diaries) using the following abbreviations: ПÐ ½ - MondayÐ’Ã'‚ - TuesdayÐ ¡Ã'€ - WednesdayÐ §Ã'‚ - ThursdayПÃ'‚  - FridayÐ ¡Ã ± - SaturdayÐ’Ã'  - Sunday Russian Vocabulary for Scheduling and Planning Russian Word Translation Pronunciation Example Ð ¡Ã µÃ ³Ã ¾Ã ´Ã ½Ã'  Today syVODnya Ð ¡Ã µÃ ³Ã ¾Ã ´Ã ½Ã'  Ð ²Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã'€Ð ½Ã ¸Ã º - Today is Tuesday. Ðâ€"Ð °Ã ²Ã'‚Ã'€Ð ° Tomorrow ZAVTruh ДÐ ¾ Ð ·Ã °Ã ²Ã'‚Ã'€Ð ° - Until tomorrow./See you tomorrow. Ð’Ã'‡Ð µÃ'€Ð ° Yesterday fchyeRAH Ð’Ã'‡Ð µÃ'€Ð ° Ã'ˆÐ µÃ » Ã' Ã ½Ã µÃ ³ - Yesterday it snowed. Ð Ã °(Ã' Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã ¹) Ð ½Ã µÃ ´Ã µÃ »Ã µ During the week na (Etay) nyDYEly Ðâ€"Ð °Ã ¹Ã ´Ã ¸Ã'‚Ð µ Ð ½Ã ° (Ã' Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã ¹) Ð ½Ã µÃ ´Ã µÃ »Ã µ - Pop in this week. Ð Ã ° Ã' Ã »Ã µÃ ´Ã'Æ'Ã'ŽÃ'‰Ð µÃ ¹ Ð ½Ã µÃ ´Ã µÃ »Ã µ Next week na SLYEdushey nyDYEly Ð ¯ Ã'Æ'Ð µÃ ·Ã ¶Ã °Ã'Ž Ð ½Ã ° Ã' Ã »Ã µÃ ´Ã'Æ'Ã'ŽÃ'‰Ð µÃ ¹ Ð ½Ã µÃ ´Ã µÃ »Ã µ (ya ooyezZHAyu na SLYEdushey nyDYEly) - I am leaving next week. Ð Ã ° Ð ¿Ã'€Ð ¾Ã'ˆÐ »Ã ¾Ã ¹ Ð ½Ã µÃ ´Ã µÃ »Ã µ Last week na PROSHlay nyDYEly Ð’Ã' Ã µ Ð ¿Ã'€Ð ¾Ã ¸Ã ·Ã ¾Ã'ˆÐ »Ã ¾ Ð ½Ã ° Ð ¿Ã'€Ð ¾Ã'ˆÐ »Ã ¾Ã ¹ Ð ½Ã µÃ ´Ã µÃ »Ã µ - It all happened last week. ПÐ ¾Ã ·Ã °Ã ²Ã'‡Ð µÃ'€Ð ° Day before yesterday puhzafchyRAH ПÐ ¾Ã ·Ã °Ã ²Ã'‡Ð µÃ'€Ð ° Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã »Ã'Æ'Ã'‡Ð ¸Ã »Ã ¸ Ã' Ã ¾Ã ¾Ã ±Ã'‰Ð µÃ ½Ã ¸Ã µ - We received a message the day before yesterday. ПÐ ¾Ã' Ã »Ã µÃ ·Ã °Ã ²Ã'‚Ã'€Ð ° The day after tomorrow POSlyZAVTruh ПÐ ¾Ã' Ã »Ã µÃ ·Ã °Ã ²Ã'‚Ã'€Ð ° Ð ½Ã °Ã'‡Ð ¸Ã ½Ã °Ã'ŽÃ'‚Ã' Ã'  Ð ºÃ °Ã ½Ã ¸Ã ºÃ'Æ'Ð »Ã'‹ - School holidays begin the day after tomorrow. Ð §Ã µÃ'€Ð µÃ · Ð ½Ã µÃ ´Ã µÃ »Ã'Ž After a week/a week from CHYEryz nyDYElyu Ð £Ã ²Ã ¸Ã ´Ã µÃ ¼Ã' Ã'  Ã'‡Ð µÃ'€Ð µÃ · Ð ½Ã µÃ ´Ã µÃ »Ã'Ž - We'll see each other next week/see you next week. Ð §Ã µÃ'€Ð µÃ · Ð ´Ã µÃ ½Ã'Å' Every other day CHYEryz DYEN' ПÃ'€Ð ¸Ã ½Ã ¸Ã ¼Ã °Ã'‚Ã'Å' Ð »Ã µÃ ºÃ °Ã'€Ã' Ã'‚Ð ²Ã ¾ Ã'‡Ð µÃ'€Ð µÃ · Ð ´Ã µÃ ½Ã'Å' - Take the medicine every other day. Ð §Ã µÃ'€Ð µÃ · Ð ¼Ã µÃ' Ã' Ã'† In a month's time CHYEryz MYEsyts Ð §Ã µÃ'€Ð µÃ · Ð ¼Ã µÃ' Ã' Ã'† Ð ½Ã °Ã'‡Ð °Ã »Ã' Ã'  Ã'€Ð µÃ ¼Ã ¾Ã ½Ã'‚ - The renovations began a month later.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

The Coca-Cola Company - Standardisation Adaptation

Abstract The Coca-Cola Company is the world’s leading beverage company, with markets in over 200 countries and over 1,100 brands under their portfolio. The company was founded in 1886 and is currently headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. This paper seeks to explain the impact of globalization on the standardization versus adaptation decision using examples from the Coca-Cola Company’s performance and strategies since their inception as a company. Introduction Globalisation can be defined as the movement toward economic, financial, trade, and communications integration by countries and their populations globally. It is a constant process and it has resulted in the intertwining and generalisation of the needs and wants of people†¦show more content†¦Thus it can be inferred that the company has kept its core concepts standardised while only adapting a regional touch on the peripheries, thus saving costs and reinforcing brand equity. Coca-Cola has been estimated to have saved $90 million in production costs over 20 years by producing worldwide commercials focused on similar themes (Onkvisit Shaw, 1990). Coca Cola’s international achievement can be attributed to numerous of things, but in order to think globally one must first think locally. This is the main message that Coca Cola Company place huge emphasis on whenever they are entering a country. (Miller) Coca Cola has formatted its approach strategically using a tactical method, this is done to provide the appropriate marketing activities and beverage to its customers. As part of Coca Cola vision to taste the same around the world, they have chosen to standardize its product and manufacturing process. In Trinidad and Tobago the local name for Coca Cola is â€Å"Coke†. From the perspective of consumers the key conceptual categories are not the flavours and colas that marketer hold in high regard, but what we refer to locally as the ‘black’ sweet drink. (Miller) Trinbagonian’s are particularly fond of sugar and sweet products this is linked to the days of the sugar cane field. Coke came into Tr inidad in 1939, while under the British Government. (Miller)Show MoreRelatedStandardisation Versus Adaptation in a Globalisation Context2468 Words   |  10 PagesStandardisation versus Adaptation in a Globalisation context Challenge This is the challenge facing primarily multinational firms whether to standardise their local offering or adapt/localise it for the market they are selling into. According to De Wit and Meyer (2010), the question facing managers is whether they should anticipate and encourage global convergence by emphasising global standardisation, centralisation and coordination or should managers acknowledge and exploit international diversityRead MoreThe International Marketer Of Overseas Markets1383 Words   |  6 Pagesoverseas markets. 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Each has its own pros cons but to choose the right is a tough choice to makeRead MoreCoca-Cola: International Business Strategy for Globalization10128 Words   |  41 PagesInternational Trade Academic Research Conference (ITARC ), 7 – 8th November, 2012, London.UK. COCA-COLA: International Business Strategy for Globalization Michael Ba Banutu-Gomez William G. Rohrer College of Business, Rowan University, USA Key Words International Differentiation Strategy, Global Strategy, International Marketing Strategy, Culture in International Marketing Strategy, Coca-Cola Strategy, International Distribution Strategy, Choosing Distributors and Channels, The Challenge of DistributionRead MoreAnalyze the Advantages and Disadvantages of Using a Global Brand Name2797 Words   |  12 Pagesnon-essential attributes and they are a source of business’s differential advantage. 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I shall take the opportunity to thank the followingRead MoreA Key Challenge for International Marketers Is to Develop a Good Understanding of the International Business Environment. Identify the Key Environmental Actors That Are of Importance to the Success of International1387 Words   |  6 Pagesenvironmental factors that a company must consider when operating outside its domestic market which have a significant impact on international marketing decisions and are imperative for success. The key environmental factors are outlined below: Doole and Lowe (2004) stated the key problem faced by international marketers is dealing successfully with the multi-dimensionality and complexities of the international environment. By understanding the environment, companies can implement a successful marketing

Friday, May 15, 2020

Literary Analysis Animal Farm - 1050 Words

Literary Analysis Mollie In Animal Farm there are many controversial figures who also have interesting connections to the Russian revolution. Mollie is among these controversial members of the mythical animal run society. She has connections to the rich prissy people in Russia that when the revolution took place who immediately looked for an easy way out as soon as they had to do work to earn their due. In Orwell’s Animal Farm Mollie is vain, selfish, and did not care about the revolution leaving before the action. Mollie has never been all that committed of a character on the farm. Often caring more about her sugar and bows then what work she needed to do for Mr. Jones. As time went on, and the revolution took place, there is little to no change in how she acts, still feeling an obsession for the lavish things that comes with being a pet brings. The first time it is apparent that Mollie is still attached to the lavish things is when in Orwell’s Animal Farm is on page 2 2-23 â€Å"They were just coming down the stairs when Mollie was discovered to be missing. Going back, the others found that she remained behind in the best bedroom she had taken a piece of blue ribbon from Mrs. Jones’s dressing table, and was holding it against her shoulder and admiring herself in the glass in a very silly manner. The others reproached her sharply, and they went outside.† She is obviously at this point still not willing to commit for the greater cause of the farm. Will she ever come around andShow MoreRelatedLiterary Analysis Of Animal Farm1614 Words   |  7 Pagesperspective. Recognizing these patterns in literary works can enable a reader to understand a dense text that they would ordinarily find troubling. George Orwell’s Animal Farm is an emblematic novel that reflects the events leading to the Russian Revolution, on the surface level. Understanding the symbols and patterns in both literary works and history allowed me to apply an even deeper meaning to the book. Animal Farm involves a rebellion of the animals against the oppressive force, the farmerRead MoreAnimal Farm Literary Analysis710 Words   |  3 PagesGeorge Orwell, a writer of many novels and other literature, one of his most known is Animal Farm.This book is where Orwell’s political style as well as other techniques he used in his writing were used most. Animal Farm is about farm animals who are being neglected by their owner, and they decides to overthrow him and take control of their farm. However, that is only the the outer layer of the story, looking under the surface, this is an allegory detailing the Russian Revolution. The author wroteRead MoreLiterary Analysis Of Animal Farm By George Orwell1310 Words   |  6 PagesLiterary Analysis of Animal Farm Although they claimed the farm to be a utopia, the pigs secretly were deceiving their fellow animals and turning the farm into a dystopia. In George Orwell s Animal Farm all of the animals are mistreated by Farmer Jones, but they wish to be treated as equals and live in a utopia so they rebel and take over the farm. The animals first write commandments to avoid chaos, but the leader pigs selfishly modify the commandments in their favor. In the end, the farm isRead MoreLiterary Analysis Of Animal Farm By George Orwell1460 Words   |  6 PagesLiterary Analysis of Animal Farm A quote from Wayne Dyer, a late American author and motivational speaker, says that â€Å"[f]reedom means you are unobstructed in living your life as you choose. Anything less is a form of slavery.† This promotes the idea that ultimate freedom to control one’s life is the only way to live. One way to achieve this freedom, if not given, is to stage a revolution against authority. In Animal Farm, a novel by George Orwell, parallels are drawn between his characters and theRead MoreLiterary Analysis Of Animal Farm By George Orwell1405 Words   |  6 PagesLiterary analysis of Animal Farm The rebellion was to escape from people and their cruel ways, but can they escape the death-grip of their own kind? The animals of animal farms are mistreated and have no rights. Mr and Mrs. Jones were the owners of Manor Farm, the human oppressors, and authoritarians of the animals. The animals rebel against the Jones and take over the farm. They create a utopian society for themselves, but the utopia quickly turns into a dystopia when the pigs take control ofRead MoreAnimal Farm And Fahrenheit 451 Literary Analysis811 Words   |  4 PagesNegroes were being discriminated against. Again this theme of â€Å"the struggle for freedom† is shown in the book Animal Farm by George Orwell, and Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury. In both of these novels the characters struggle to gain their freedom from the restrictions society placed on them. Freedom is only attained when it is fought for as shown in â€Å"I Have a Dream†, Fahrenheit 451, and Animal Farm. In the novel, Fahrenheit 451, Montag struggles for freedom despite societys restrictions. This is demonstratedRead MoreAnimals Take Over in Animal Farm by George Orwell1370 Words   |  6 PagesIn the novel â€Å"Animal Farm† by George Orwell, the animals take over the farm and develop their own independent society. Just as it happened during the Russian Revolution of 1917. George Orwell underlies the tension between the oppressed and the exploiting classes between the condescending ideals and harsh realities of socialism. During the course of the literary piece by George Orwell makes it clear how the animals are mistreated by â€Å"Mr. Jones â€Å", because of this treatment they are receiving; OldRead MoreAnimal Farm Paradox Analysis1013 Words   |  5 PagesPublished Sample Analysis: In this part in Animal Farm, the pigs wish to enact rules that will benefit them at the expense of the other animals on the farm. In one of their rules, a paradox is created whose function is to expose the truth that despite governments claiming to treat everyone equally, they tend to favor certain groups over others. The paradox is created through the statement that some are more equal than others, which is a contradicting statement because if some are more equal thanRead MoreAnimal Farm Film Analysis838 Words   |  4 Pages This essay is a comparative analysis between the film and novel, Animal Farm. Animal Farm was written by George Orwell in 1943 and published on the 17th of August 1945. A motion picture of the novel was later produced on the 29th of December 1954 by director Joy Bachelor. There are many differences and similarities between the novel and film involving the use of characters, symbolism, themes, dialogue and events. Animal farm was a successful novel as the length was 112 pages, therefore the movieRead MoreComparision of The Chrysalids and Animal Farm Essay2185 Words   |  9 PagesChrysalids and Animal Farm, which will be compared and contrasted in the following essay, demonstrating the fact that they both target the general audience and not one particular group of readers. The comparison between both novels will be done via the contrast of specific literary elements such as the plot and the moods of the novels, the point of view of the narration and the style of the author, and also via the themes the authors try to convey to their audience through their literary work. It

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Kill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee - 1052 Words

To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee takes place in Maycomb County, Alabama in the late 30s early 40s , after the great depression when poverty and unemployment were widespread throughout the United States. Why is the preconception of racism, discrimination, and antagonism so highly related to some of the characters in this book? People often have a preconceived idea or are biased about one’s decision to live, dress, or talk. Throughout To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee examines the preconception of Scouts teacher saying Atticus is teaching her wrong, Aunt Alexandra having views that are discriminating, and Tom Robinson not having a fair trial because of his race. Scouts teacher gets upset with her after Miss Caroline figures out she’s literate and Scout makes it worse by antagonising Miss Caroline by trying to explain things to her. â€Å"Teach me?† I said in surprise. â€Å"He hasn t taught me anything, Miss Caroline. Atticus ain t got time to teach me anythi ng†Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ â€Å"If he didn t teach you, who did?† Miss Caroline asked good-naturedly. â€Å"Somebody did. You weren t born reading The Mobile Register†Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ Miss Caroline apparently though I was lying. â€Å"Lets not let our imaginations run away with us, dear,† she said. â€Å"Now tell your father not to teach you any more. Its best to begin reading with a fresh mind. You tell him i ll take over from here and try to undo the damage.† â€Å"ma’am?† â€Å"Your father does not know how to teach. you can have a seat now.† (Lee 22) Scout s teacher Miss CarolineShow MoreRelatedKill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee1049 Words   |  5 PagesTo Kill a Mockingbird: How a Story could be based on True Events in Everyday LifeDaisy GaskinsCoastal Pines Technical Collegeâ€Æ'Harper Lee was born in Monroeville, Alabama. Her father was a former newspaper editor and proprietor, who had served as a state senator and practiced as a lawyer in M onroeville. Also Finch was known as the maiden name of Lee’s mother. With that being said Harper Lee became a writer like her father, but she became a American writer, famous for her race relations novel â€Å"ToRead MoreTo Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee1000 Words   |  4 Pagesworld-wide recognition to the many faces of prejudice is an accomplishment of its own. Author Harper Lee has had the honor to accomplish just that through her novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, a moving and inspirational story about a young girl learning the difference between the good and the bad of the world. In the small town of Monroeville, Alabama, Nelle Harper Lee was born on April 28, 1926. Growing up, Harper Lee had three siblings: two sisters and an older brother. She and her siblings grew up modestlyRead MoreKill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee1290 Words   |  6 PagesHarper Lee published To Kill a Mockingbird during a rough period in American history, also known as the Civil Rights Movement. This plot dives into the social issues faced by African-Americans in the south, like Tom Robinson. Lee felt that the unfair treatment towards blacks were persistent, not coming to an end any time in the foreseeable future. This dark movement drove her to publish this novel hopeful that it would encourage the society to realize that the harsh racism must stop. Lee effectivelyRead MoreKill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee873 Words   |  4 PagesIn the book, To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee illustrates that â€Å"it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird† throughout the novel by writing innocent characters that have been harmed by evil. Tom Robinson’s persecution is a symbol for the death of a mockingbird. The hunters shooting the bird would in this case be the Maycomb County folk. Lee sets the time in the story in the early 1950s, when the Great Depression was going on and there was poverty everywhere. The mindset of people back then was that blackRead MoreKill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee963 Words   |  4 Pagesgrowing up, when older characters give advice to children or siblings.Growing up is used frequently in the novel To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee. Harper Lee uses the theme growing up in To Kill a Mockingbird to change characters opinion, develop characters through their world, and utilizes prejudice to reveal growing up. One major cause growing up is used in To Kill a Mockingbird is to represent a change of opinion. One part growing up was shown in is through the trial in part two of the novelRead MoreHarper Lee and to Kill a Mockingbird931 Words   |  4 PagesHarper Lee and her Works Harper Lee knew first hand about the life in the south in the 1930s. She was born in Monroeville, Alabama in 1926 (Castleman 2). Harper Lee was described by one of her friends as Queen of the Tomboys (Castleman 3). Scout Finch, the main character of Lees Novel, To Kill a Mockinbird, was also a tomboy. Many aspects of To Kill a Mockingbird are autobiographical (Castleman 3). Harper Lees parents were Amasa Coleman Lee and Frances Finch Lee. She was the youngestRead MoreKill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee1695 Words   |  7 PagesIn To Kill a Mockingbird Harper Lee presents as a ‘tired old town’ where the inhabitants have ‘nowhere to go’ it is set in the 1930s when prejudices and racism were at a peak. Lee uses Maycomb town to highlight prejudices, racism, poverty and social inequality. In chapter 2 Lee presents the town of Maycomb to be poverty stricken, emphasised through the characterisation of Walter Cunningham. When it is discovered he has no lunch on the first day of school, Scout tries to explain the situation to MissRead MoreKill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee1876 Words   |  8 PagesThough Harper Lee only published two novels, her accomplishments are abundant. Throughout her career Lee claimed: the Presidential Medal of Freedom, Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, Goodreads Choice Awards Best Fiction, and Quill Award for Audio Book. Lee was also inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Letters. This honor society is a huge accomplishment and is considered the highest recognition for artistic talent and accomplishment in the United States. Along with these accomplishments, herRead MoreKill A Mockingbird, By Harper Lee1197 Words   |  5 Pagessuch as crops, houses, and land, and money was awfully limited. These conflicts construct Harper Lee’s novel, To Kill a Mocking Bird. In To Kill a Mocking Bird, Lee establishes the concurrence of good and evil, meaning whether people are naturally good or naturally evil. Lee uses symbolism, characterization, and plot to portray the instinctive of good and evil. To Kill a Mocking Bird, a novel by Harper Lee takes place during the 1930s in the Southern United States. The protagonist, Scout Finch,Read MoreKill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee1656 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"Mockingbirds don’t do any harm but make music for us †¦ that’s why it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird†, is a famous quote from the book To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee. Atticus, the father of the main character Scout, says this to her and her brother Jem when they receive rifles for Christmas. This book is considered a classic due to the allegory between the book title and the trial that occurs about halfway through the book. In the beginning of To Kill a Mockingbird, Scout is six. She is an innocent

William Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet - 1620 Words

One of the major themes in Romeo and Juliet is Love and its difficulties. Shakespeare tends to use this often in his plays and verses to create many emotions an effects. The relations and comparisons between the Acts/scenes and sonnets (18,129,36,29) in the play are studied in detail to understand Love and its difficulties. Shakespeare shows us how Love and relationships can change depending on situations by using the sonnets/ scenes and different language /imagery. This play was written during the Elizabethan era and this gives us an insight of what things were like in such a patriarchal society. Difficulties of love and lovers in Romeo and Juliet can be explored and presented in many different ways. During Act 5, Scene 1, we know that Romeo is confused about his feelings for Rosaline and is in love with the idea of being in love. When Romeo meets Juliet in this scene, he is completely smitten by her and feels the need to constantly be around her. An example of this is ‘Oh, she doth teach the torches to burn bright!’. Romeo is expressing how beautiful she is and how she shines brighter than a torches flame. This scene also uses many religious connotations relating to love. For example ‘good pilgrim’ and ‘holy palmers’ kiss’. Also, in this scene, Romeo says ‘Like a rich jewel in an Ethiope’s ear’. Romeo expresses that Juliet stands out to him unlike all of the other girls he has been with. Romeo is referring to Juliet as a precious jewel and feels the need to possess herShow MoreRelatedWilliam Shakespeare s Rome o And Juliet1287 Words   |  6 PagesLizzy Baginski English Composition 2 Mr. Spera March 10, 2015 Romeo and Juliet Research Paper The movie Romeo and Juliet is a modern classic film that took place in 1996. Overall this is a timeless story that everyone should go and watch. This movie has an intriguing plot line that tells the story of two feuding families, The Montagues and The Capulets, and how the children of these two different families fall in love. The two children overcome various obstacles such as hiding their chemistry fromRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet 966 Words   |  4 Pages Beauty Over Gold â€Å"Beauty provoketh thieves sooner than gold.--William Shakespeare, 1623. In his book As You Like It, William Shakespeare pointed out the supremacy of love rather than the want of gold and wealth. Truly, beauty is more important to thieves than wealth. Many of the thieves in this world would rather have an elegant woman than to obtain precious rubies. After all, what good is a prosperous man if he doesn’t have a charming woman? Two famous men grab my attention who didn’t fear forRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet Essay1024 Words   |  5 PagesRomeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families. It was among Shakespeare s most popular plays during his lifetime and, along with Hamlet, is one of his most frequently performed plays. Today, the title characters are regarded as archetypal young lovers. Romeo and Juliet belongs to a tradition of tragic romances stretching back to antiquity. The plot is based on an ItalianRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet1124 Words   |  5 PagesThe play Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families. It was among Shakespeare s most popular plays during his lifetime and, along with Hamlet, is one of his most frequently performed plays. Today, the title characters are regarded as archetypal young lovers. Romeo and Juliet belongs to a tradition of tragic romances stretching back to antiquity. Its plot is based onRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet861 Words   |  4 Pagesgreatly shown in the play Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare. It was love at first sight with Romeo Montague and Juliet Capulet. Meeting at a party and falling in love to get married without even spending quality time with each other. Romeo and Juliet couldn t tell there parents because the Capulets and Montagues are long term rivals. Both Romeo and Juliet had to find different ways and excuses to make this marriage work. A big problem was developed. Romeo kills Juliet s cousin and is banishedRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet1770 Words   |  8 Pagesof Romeo and Juliet. The story of two destined lovers who were killed by their own doing. But what if they weren t two destined lovers who got unlucky, but doomed partners that were never going to have a good-life to begin with.William Sha kespeare gives us a view of early signs of gang conflict in the early age of Verona, Italy. He gives us a perspective of the norms and customs of Italy during the Setting of William Shakespeare s most famous story. Romeo and Juliet, by William Shakespeare, givesRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet1264 Words   |  6 Pagestheater-going public the most important dramatist in English literature, Shakespeare occupies a well-known position in the world of talented authors. His canon contains thirty-seven plays, written in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. Additionally, throughout the years, they continue to sustain critical attention, with the majority of his works circling tragedies, one being Romeo and Juliet. William Shakespeare s Romeo and Juliet speaks to the timeless appeal of star-crossed lovers. Their loveRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet924 Words   |  4 PagesWilliam Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy that follows t he so-called love of two teenagers. The two fall in love at a masked ball and have a secret marriage. Throughout the play, their actions show how ridiculous love is, and how it is a danger to anyone who become twisted in its choking grasp. However, in the death of the youth and survival of the elders, an alternative explanation for the tragic events may be found. Although Shakespeare seems to be mocking love throughout the play, itRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet1616 Words   |  7 Pageslove can also cause some of life s most controversial battles. These battles could stem from lack of patience, disagreement of moral values, and in some cases, an absence of attraction overall. In Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, the issues that drive Romeo Montague and Juliet Capulet s to each of their dreadful misfortunes are inevitable. When it comes to many of Shakespeare s plays, Aristotle s theory is used to describe them as tragedies. Romeo and Juliet is known by many as a tragedyRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet967 Words   |  4 Pagesof ‘Romeo and Juliet’ written by William Shakespeare. Shakespearean time was between the middle Ages and the Industrial Revolution and it was branded by religious changes. William Shakespeare is widely known as the greatest dramatist of all time. Born April 1564, Shakespeare’s play ‘Romeo and Juliet’ is no doubt one of his most famous pieces. ‘Romeo and Juliet’ was first published in 1597 and its tragic story of banned love still captures the creativity of its audience today. ‘Romeo and Juliet’, although

Humanitarian and Communities Studies

Question: Discuss about theHumanitarian and Communities Studies. Answer: Introduction Grief may be defined as the response of a survivor to the loss of loved ones. Grief and bereavement are an inevitable part of human lives. The grief that an individual experiences is unique and incomparable. However, the pain caused due to the loss of a loved one is similar to the pain caused due to a burn. George Engels compares the psychological trauma to the physiological one. The grief person experiences can be considered a departure from the state of well-being. The intensity of pain depends on the nature of the relationship. A person may experience numerous kind and amount of grief during one's lifetime. It is during the old age that bereavement and grief occur more frequently. Older people endure the loss of relatives, former colleagues, husband, or wife, or other elderly friends. Loss of near and dear ones creates a stressful event and creates an emotional crisis. Bereavement increases the desire of death. Seeing loss of friends and relatives, one may feel deprived of death. The process of grieving is often an isolating and alienating process. It is during the death of a person that one feels completely disconnected with the outside world. It is expected that the mourner would try to relate his/her grief with someone else and try to measure the scale and extent. It is often seen that the distress is not only about the loss but also about the response that they experience. The grief gets magnified by the replies that people get from their family, friends, relatives, heath care practitioners, and co-workers. Some people think of going to counselors. Counselors try to normalize and suppress grief as bereavement in elderly people may lead to psychological illness like depression (Bowlby, 1977). While some people can cope up with the grief, some are not. The intensity and response of bereavement differ from person to person. Grief and bereavement may affect the physical as well as mental health conditions. It may lead to cognitive and communicative difficult ies. It reduces social support, changes lifestyles, and living standards, and also leads to financial hardship. Hence, it is imperative that grief related depressions must be identified in its earliest stage. It is crucial that friends and family form the life support system of the elderly person at this critical juncture. It is the role of the children to provide emotional support and better health facilities (Betz Thorngren, 2006). Senior citizens undergo a lot of bereavement in the later stages of their life. The greatest emotional blow that an older person may face is the loss of life partner. It is the partner on which people are most dependent during their last stages of life. Loss of partner at this stage may lead to mental instability and other health problems. People respond differently to loss based on internal and external factors. Grief and bereavement are shaped not only by the social and cultural context but also by the nature of the relationship between the deceased and the mourner (Bowlby, 1977). In the western society, though not explicit, there are several rules regarding grief and bereavement which are widely recognized. Such social rules determine who has the privilege of exemption from responsibilities and roles. The privileges are conditioned and granted by the authoritative figure such as a political head or a physician. According to Doka, the social rules of grieving is defined as A set of norms that attempt to determine who, when, where, how long, and for whom people should grieve (Burke Neimeyer, 2013). Many unwritten set standards in the western society describe grief. Violation of any of the set patterns may have a profound impact upon the individual who is bereaved. With the growth and advancement of technology, human beings are living for longer years. With the increase in the number of elderly people, one would find a lot of seniors who experience grief and bereavement due to loss of their spouse. Studies show that "widowhood affects three out of four women. In 1998 there were 7.8 million widowed women age 65 and older in the United States, and 1.5 million widowed elderly men (Worden, 2009). Elderly people often undergo disenfranchised grief, that is, grief not recognized by society. The grief is not recognized as people consider elderly death to be a part and parcel of life. Elderly death may be acceptable to family, friends, and relatives; it is a severe loss to the spouse who was exceedingly dependent on him/her. The grief of an individual is shaped widely by social experiences. However, the nature of the relationship between elderly people determines the extent of grief largely. The mourner passes through several stages of grief. These stages are depression, denial, acceptance, anger, and bargaining. The grief of a person begins once he/she endorses the loss and then express emotions. A bereaved person may experience a heightened sense of vulnerability (Green Grant, 2008). The mourning, bereavement, and grief of a person depend on several mediators such as the relation of the individual, the person itself, the nature of attachment, the manner the person died, proximity, unexpectedness, and suddenness among others. The nature of attachment is one of the essential mediators of grieving. The strength of the attachment with the deceased determines the intensity of grief. The more intense is the love and affection, the more intense is the grief. It also depends on the sense of security between the individuals. If the deceased were essential for the well-being of the survivor, the grief would be more. If the self-esteem of the survivor depended on the lost person, the widow is bound to experience a greater sense of his/her loss of self-esteem. The grief reaction shall be more difficult in such a situation. The feeling of security and self-esteem is very much dependent on their spouses for many individuals (Ghesquiere et al., 2015). However, after the loss of the spouse, the requirements remain the same, but the resources go missing. The ambivalence and closeness between persons in a relationship are also key determinants. There is always a degree of ambivalence in a close relationship. Though a person may love another one, there would always remain a coexistence of negative feelings. The grief reaction would be more where there is an equal coexistence of both positive and negative emotions. In a highly ambivalent relationship, the death of one person results in a tremendous sense of guilt and anger for being left alone(Galatzer-Levy Bonanno, 2012). There would always be conflicts in a relationship. In some relationships, the conflict is to a large extent and in some it is low. The conflict in a relationship affects the psychology of the survivor. This conflict is not merely the conflict during death but in the entire lifetime. The conflicts may arise from physical or sexual abuse in the past. An unresolved conflict would lead to guilt after death. The effect may be so much that the survivor may need counseling (Harris, 2010). A person may suffer from adaptation problems if the survivor is too much dependent on the deceased for daily chores such as preparing meals, paying bills, and driving. The survivor would feel vacant after the death of the spouse. However, a person less dependent would suffer less regarding daily activities. The amount and extent of bereavement in elderly people is dependent on several other factors. If a couple is married for a long time, it will result in deep attachments. The couple would be interdependent and entrenched to family roles. The death of the partner would affect the spouse deeply. The person who would be living would find it difficult to cope with the loss and adjust himself/herself to the situation. High interdependence on each other for certain activities would make adjustment for the living one difficult (Ingham et al., 2016). The bereaved may find himself/herself turning to someone who does not exist. The grief does follow any pattern or trajectory. While some may experience depression or anxiety, others may have euphoria. Some reactions include aimless wandering or insomnia. In such a situation, it is essential to take care of elders and make efforts to consider and understand the manifestations of grief. It is the responsibility of others to treat individual experie nce with respect (Klass et al., 2014). Bereavement is a very natural part of a person's life. It may have a cathartic effect. However, the subsequent period of elongated grief may prove to be harmful and may have long term consequences. A person may undergo various stages of grief namely, the acute or normal grief which is a normal reaction to the loss of the dead one. People may feel the need for isolation and alienation following the period of death. The middle stage involves longing and anxiety for the dead. In this stage, the person realizes the loss of the loved one. The person may find it hard to get support (Lindemann, 1976). People gather for funeral but soon move away to their lives leaving the bereaved person alone. In such a situation, it is not advisable to rush a person through grief as it may lead to further isolation and distress. Discussing the feelings and emotions in such a condition is essential. A person may also experience bouts of grief and emotion frequently. They may suffer a wave like grief pattern shortly after the loss. Family and friends must understand and sympathize the elders during such triggers. These waves are natural progressions in the grieving period and help the person feel in control with the emotions. Ignoring the feelings of a bereaved person or judging him/her may be detrimental (Naef et al., 2013). It is expected of an elderly person to restore his/her life after the death of the spouse. It may be an easy demand on the part of someone who is not sufferer but tough for the person who is facing the loss of a person with whom he/she has existed for so many decades. It is expected that the survivor would continue his/her everyday errand without the partner. Mary Pipher says that Its a miracle that people survive the losses of their mates. There are so many widows and widowers, and we tend to underestimate the magnitude of each tragedy. In our country we expect people to recover from grief quickly" (Parkes, 2013). While some people tend to live on the remaining life without their spouses, some are unable to do so. Individuals experience complicated grief when the process of acute grief manifests into lingering or more severe symptoms (Payne, 2005). Complicated grief is, in fact, a system that does not allow a person to accept the loss of the loved ones and resume normal day to day activities of life. Complicated grief is very much similar to acute grief but the persistence of symptoms is longer than the acute grief. Complicated grief may result in unacceptance of the loss of the loved one and intense, unbearable yearning for him/her. However, the list of sufferings and endurance may vary from person to person. Some of the criteria include inability of the person to trust others and confusion about his/her role in life. Individuals suffering from complicated grief are unable to handle the waves of grief. Elders fail to recover from such grief. However, there are significant differences between complicated grief and depression. For instance, a person suffering from complicated grief may pine for the loved ones and be even stunned because of the loss. Generalized depression lacks this pining and stunning. It is also different from posttraumatic stress as it also lacks stunning and pining for the loss (Parkes, 2013). Research shows that bereaved elderly people tend to live alone after the loss of their partners. While younger widowers and widows tend to move, the older ones remain in the same home they once lived. Living alone may be detrimental for it may arouse intense feelings and emotions. The physical surroundings shared by the couple would stimulate the memories and increase the sense of loneliness thereby leading to a sense of greater loss. Elderly people who had shared a harmonious marriage would be the greater sufferers. On the other hand, there are some who are unable to live alone after the loss and hence need familial and institutional care (Miles et al., 2016). Elderly people who are forced to leave their homes after the loss of their spouse may be at a higher risk of mortality. The loss of spouse and its effects are different for men and women. A man may face greater disruptions and difficulties than a woman. Men are more likely to face new roles; for instance, the role of a homemaker. It becomes difficult for the person to adapt the character without the partner. On the other hand, it is seen that the level of difficulty and disruption is not the same as she is more self-reliant and able to fit into the role of a homemaker. Counseling interventions may be helpful for the bereaved elderly (Harris, 2010). A significant change that a person especially, a widow would suffer the loss of husband is a radical shift in identity. It is more so in case of a woman as the identity of the wife rests on the husband. The survivor may often suffer practical and financial issues. The lifestyle undergoes a drastic change. Women realize and try to understand the financial responsibilities and men try to adapt the roles traditionally belonging to women. Such a threat and change in the identity of a person may lead to psychological distress. Also, changes occur in the use of spaces- both public and private (Green Grant, 2008). It is harder for elderly people to cope with the loss of spouse as the years spent with the partner are more compared to an adult. Old persons face severe health issues. They are more interdependent and hence their grief gets heightened. The spouse forms the emotional and other support systems. Loss of this crucial support system would naturally leave lasting effects. Loss of partner results in more struggle in life and dramatic change (Worden, 2009). The case of LGBT individuals, the sense of loss and bereavement is more compared to others as the couples of LGBT face stigmatization and marginalization from the society. They are more vulnerable to psychological trauma post the death of spouse as such couples are highly interdependent. They are already sufferers of sexual prejudice. They lack the support of institutions and heteronormative culture. In such a scenario in which the person is deemed a minor, it is imperative that the person would suffer from more severe psychological traumas. Institutions and doctors may be reluctant to help such individuals. They may receive unsympathetic responses from the society and thus the grief may be internalized and re-traumatized (Green Grant, 2008). There are many therapeutic techniques to resolve the problem of stress and trauma due to loss of dear and near ones. Reminiscing can be a useful technique to stimulate and breathe life in the elderly adults. Also called life review, reminiscing is a process that occurs naturally. It brings progressiveness in the life of the person. It brings backs the consciousness of past experiences and a resurgence of unresolved conflicts. The process of reminiscence serves the function of adaptation. Siblings and family members can act as the principal source as they are the ones who have seen the most of the person. Also, reminiscence is a way to retain the identity of the individual. Even though physically the person may not be present, the deceased is always present mentally. Reworking the past of the bereaved may have a salutary effect (Bowlby, 1977). Since much of the life experienced with the spouse is internalized by the survivor, he/she never truly loses the deceased mentally. The importa nce of continuing bonds has been recognized widely in the recent years. It is very much possible for an elderly person to be too much dependent on the children. They may see their children as a mode of survival after the death of their spouse. In such a scenario, their children can work wonders in developing new skills. This would benefit the elderly adults in mastering their self-esteem as well. It is important to make the person realize that he/she must not be dependent on someone else, even their children for little things like going to the market or calling the electrician or plumber for repairing. Such activities were earlier done by the husband (Burke Neimeyer, 2013). But after his death, the widow must learn to handle such day to day activities. She may also feel good about developing the personal skills. However, this adjustment may need some time, and it is essential to give the person some time. In a case where the bereaved elderly had been the primary caretaker of a sick spouse, it is seen that the stressful situation was stronger before the death than after it. Thus, it is not proper to always consider a death stressful. The death of a person suffering due to a severe traumatic disease may be a relief factor for the partner. Surely it would bring some emotional pain, but mostly, it would not create a stressful situation. In some cases, the process of bereavement may take a bit longer time and at times it may not have even an end point. Some may have a timeless attachment with the deceased. Some may be at a stage in which they may find the consolidation of their memories as the best option. They may draw sustenance from the memories for the remaining years of their lives (Worden, 2009). It may be possible that all the family members are not willing to come for the counseling sessions. In such a situation, the counselor must try to bring the entire family together for the sessions. It would be easier for the counselor then to assess the problems and work more efficiently. The counselor would be able to get an idea of how the family works as a unit and then give his/her recommendations. It is important that the approach of the counselor is that of a familial system. An assessment of the feelings of all the members of the family would ensure a greater probability of the effectiveness and equilibrium in the mind of the bereaved and the family members as well. To help the bereaved, it is essential that the loss and grief are acknowledged. Continual engagement with the deceased partner may be a source of support for the surviving partner. Hence, it is important not to force a person to stop mourning the loss of the partner. Dreams and memories may be a token of remembrance to the deceased. However, if the bereavement exceeds too much and the person undergoes mental illness, it is imperative that he/she is taken to a therapist so that the suffering is reduced as early as possible. While most people overcome their grief, there are numerous cases where the grief becomes complicated and prolonged. It is essential to ameliorate this hopelessness and make the life of the elderly happy and stress-free. References Almack, K., Smith, T., Moss, B. (2015). Research and policy about end of life care for LGBT people in the UK.Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans Health Inequalities: International Perspectives in Social Work, 173. Betz, G., Thorngren, J. M. (2006). Ambiguous loss and the family grieving process.The Family Journal,14(4), 359-365. Bowlby, J. (1977). The making and breaking of affectional bonds. II. Some principles of psychotherapy. The fiftieth Maudsley Lecture.The British Journal of Psychiatry,130(5), 421-431. Burke, L. A., Neimeyer, R. A. (2013). 11 Prospective risk factors for complicated grief.Complicated grief: Scientific foundations for health care professionals, 145. Galatzer-Levy, I. R., Bonanno, G. A. (2012). Beyond normality in the study of bereavement: Heterogeneity in depression outcomes following loss in older adults.Social Science Medicine,74(12), 1987-1994. Ghesquiere, A. R., Bazelais, K. N., Berman, J., Greenberg, R. L., Kaplan, D., Bruce, M. L. (2015). 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